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Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientists from many nations.
Marinus of Tyre reportedly used the name in his unpreserved world map from the 2nd century A. The Roman authors Hyginus and Apuleius (1–2 centuries A.
It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.
At 14,000,000 square kilometres (5,400,000 square miles), it is the fifth-largest continent.
He sailed along a huge wall of ice that was later named the Ross Ice Shelf.Ex.", or "the Wilkes Expedition"), an expedition sailed from Sydney, Australia, into the Antarctic Ocean, as it was then known, and reported the discovery "of an Antarctic continent west of the Balleny Islands" on 25 January 1840.That part of Antarctica was later named "Wilkes Land", a name it retains to this day.Douglas Mawson, who assumed the leadership of the Magnetic Pole party on their perilous return, went on to lead several expeditions until retiring in 1931.In addition, Shackleton himself and three other members of his expedition made several firsts in December 1908 – February 1909: they were the first humans to traverse the Ross Ice Shelf, the first to traverse the Transantarctic Mountains (via the Beardmore Glacier), and the first to set foot on the South Polar Plateau.